The European Sturgeon

The European Sturgeon is a prehistoric fish of the sturgeon family. It is a catadromous euryhaline fish, meaning it lives in both fresh and saltwater. In Europe it is present along the Atlantic coastline, from Spain to Norway and sparsely in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. This species reaches impressive sizes and can surpass 4 meters in length and 300kg in weight. Sturgeon are covered in characteristic bony plates or „scutes” in rows on the back, sides and belly and has sensitive barbels near the mouth which it uses to localize food. It feeds mainly on crustaceans and mollusks. It is a critically endangered species along with other members of its family. Several countries have started conservation and reintroduction projects to help stabilize the species’ populations.

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