The Herring

Derived from the Latin for “sardine” and “shape”, the Clupeiformes order of ray-finned fish includes common species from the herring, sardine and anchovy families (and several other families). Often living in large schools, the fish of this order are typically brightly silver-sided with a dark back and a streamlined body. Most of the species feed on plankton and other minute marine invertebrates. Numbering more than 400 species, the majority of the fish in the Clupeiformes order are pelagic species which can be found in the open waters of the world’s ocean and seas. Some species, however, are anadromous or live in fresh water like the shads.

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